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Nickname: Los Indios (The Indians)
Ground: Estadio Vicente Calderon
Atletico Madrid was founded in 1903 as Athletic Club de Madrid by three Basque students living in Madrid. The club took its name and colours from those studentsâ€™ childhood team Athletic Club Bilbao.
During the 1970s Atletico Madrid became known as Los Indios one theory is that itâ€™s a reference to the club signing several South American players immediately after restrictions on foreign players were lifted. Or maybe itâ€™s a cryptic reference to their city rivalry with Real Madrid? Los Indios (The Indians) were the traditional enemy of Los Blancos (The Whites), which is the Real Madridâ€™s nickname.
Certainly the Madrid rivalry is like few others with roots going back to the military government General Franco. Real Madrid were seen as the establishment team and the regime sought to make political capital out of Real Madrid's success and high profile at a time when the country was internationally isolated. One government minister declared "Real Madrid is the best embassy we ever had." Atletico on the other hand celebrated â€œa sentimiento de rebeldiaâ€ in English â€œa sense of rebellion.â€ And Atletico fans were the originators of the song now sang in many Spanish grounds "Hala Madrid, hala Madrid, el equipo del gobierno, la verguenza del paÃsâ€ in English "Go Madrid, go Madrid, the government's team, the country's shame."